2013/5/3

Helping our Kids to eat vegetables  

Everyone knows that vegetables are good for you. So,how do you get kids eat more vegetables and fruits?What you need: a good attitude and a little creativity.
野菜が体に良いということはわかっていても、家庭で、子供達に野菜を食べてもらおうとすると、なかなか難しいものです。今回はちょっとしたことで、すこしでも子供達に野菜を好きになってもらうための工夫を紹介します。

Avoid forcing your children to eat vegetables or any other food for that matter. Encourage children to try a spoonful, but don’t get upset if they refuse it. Eventually, they will try it, so keep reintroducing various foods from time to time. When trying to introduce a new food, don't give up. Often a child needs to be presented with a food 5 - 10 times before they will try it.
Even young children can learn why nutrition is important. You can simply say: ‘They taste good and make you healthy, big and strong.

まず野菜に限らずとも子供達に強制的に食べさせることはトラウマの原因にもなりかねないので避けましょう。まずは一口食べてもらうことからスタートです。子供達が野菜を食べることを拒絶しても、そこで怒ってはいけません。子供達は最終的にはちゃんとトライしてくれるので、一度や二度食べてくれなくとも、大人は諦めずに日々様々な野菜を食卓に登場させ続けましょう。子供達が新しいものに挑戦する時は時間がかかるものです。気長に待つことです。
小さい子供でも野菜の栄養が大事だということは教えることができます。野菜は美味しくて身体を強くしてくれるんだよ、と夕飯時に話しかけましょう。


@Give small portions. It's not good to overload your child's plate.
@子供達のお皿に盛り付ける量は少なめに。盛りすぎると食欲を失わせてしまいます

AAttractive presentation can make the difference between your child accepting and refusing food. Whole fruit may well not get eaten but fresh fruit threaded onto skewers or straws immediately becomes more appealing.
A楽しい見た目に工夫してみましょう。丸ごとの果物や生野菜よりも、カットして串に刺すだけでも子供達を惹きつけることがあります

BKeep a bowl of cherry tomatoes or baby carrots in the refrigerator for a quick and handy snack. (Of course, you’ll want to take into account the fact that these foods can be potential choking hazards for toddlers and preschoolers.
Bボウルに入れた可愛らしいチェリートマトやベイビーキャロットを冷蔵庫に常備しておけば子供達が手軽につまめるおやつになります

CMake mashed sweet potatoes instead of white potatoes – sweet potatoes contain lots of vitamin A.
Cじゃがいもの代わりにさつまいも使ったマッシュポテトは甘くて食べやすく、ビタミンAも豊富に含む一品です

DLet children make their own tacos with shredded lettuce, tomato, ground turkey and a little cheese.
Dタコスの皮と、レタス、トマト、チーズ、ターキーなどの材料をお皿に用意して、子供達に自分たちでオリジナルタコスを作ってもらいましょう

ETry not to overcook vegetables. Light cooking preserves taste, bright appearance, and valuable vitamins.
E野菜は茹で過ぎずに軽く火を通した方が、彩り、味や歯ごたえが共に良く、栄養素も残ります

FHelp make your child familiar with vegetables. Serve them everyday.
F子供達に野菜を身近に感じてもらう為には、食卓に毎日野菜を登場させることが大事です

GPrepare meals together (for example, younger children can wash, and older ones can chop vegetables for stir-fry dishes and salads).
G食事の支度を子供達に手伝ってもらいましょう。たとえば、小さい子なら、食材を洗ってもらう、大きな子なら、野菜炒めやサラダ用に野菜を切ってもらうなど、子供達に料理に関わらせることで、食事への関心を高めます

HLet your child help choose fresh vegetables when you’re shopping.
マーケットで、子供と一緒に新鮮な野菜を選んで買い物をしましょう
HPlant a vegetable garden with your child. Or just put a small cherry tomato plant in a pot in a sunny spot in the yard.
野菜を育ててみましょう。ベランダでできるミニトマト栽培などオススメです

10, Offer food at mealtimes, breakfast, morning tea, lunch, afternoon tea and dinner. If they are eating or snacking in between these mealtimes they are less likely to be hungry when you want them to eat.
10,決まった時間に食べることも大事です。おやつの時間以外で間食を食べ過ぎてしまうと、本番の食事に影響してしまいます

11,Most important, set a good example. Remember that your actions will speak louder than words. Besides, parents need their vegies, too.
11,そして最も大切なことは、やはり両親自身がバランスの良い食事をとっている姿を、子供達に見せること、です。子供達だけでなく野菜は大人にも必要であることを忘れずに


If your child rejects a lot of vegetables, try slipping them into food by:
野菜を嫌がるようであれば、栄養面を考えて子供達の食べやすい、他の料理に混ぜてしまうのも一つの手です

@making muffins with your child and adding pumpkin, zucchini or shredded carrots to the muffin mix
@子供達と一緒に南瓜やズッキーニ、細切りの人参などを生地に混ぜたマフィンを焼いてみましょう

Atucking in a lettuce leaf, a tomato slice or carrot curls into sandwiches
Aサンドイッチにレタストマトとスライス、薄切りの人参を

Badding chopped spinach or a handful of frozen vegetables to soups, ramen noodles, spaghetti sauce or lasagna
Bほうれん草を買って茹でて冷凍しておけば、スープやラーメン、スパゲッティソース、ラザニアなどに手早く簡単にそれらを加えることができます

Ccooking frozen mixed vegetables according to the directions and then adding them to store-bought potato salad
C冷凍庫にミックスベジタブルを常備しておけば、市販のポテトサラダなどに加えることができます

Dmaking pizza with your child and adding chopped broccoli or spinach to frozen pizza or frozen bread dough topped with tomato sauce
D冷凍のピザ生地などを使って子供達と一緒にピザを作り、ブロッコリーやほうれん草をトッピングすれば子供達はきっと食べてくれます。

I hope these tips will help for mother to prepare good meals for kids.

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2013/3/22

About Zinc  

About zinc

What is function of Zinc?
Zinc is found in cells throughout the body. It is needed for the body's immune system to properly work.
It plays a role in cell division, cell growth, wound healing, and the breakdown of carbohydrates.Zinc is also needed for the seses of smell and taste.
Zinc plays a role in the reg It plays a role in cell division, cell growth, wound healing, and the breakdown of carbohydrates.Zinc is also needed for the seses of smell and taste.eneration of taste buds

Food resources
Oysters are the most abundant food source of zinc with six cooked medium-size oysters providing about 76 milligrams of zinc.
Three ounces of beef, veal, lamb, crab or pork provides about 7 milligrams of zinc.
Beef, pork, and lamb contain more zinc then general fish. The dark meat of a chicken has more zinc than the light meat.
Other good sources of zinc are nuts, whole grains, legumes, and yeast.
Fruits and vegetables are not good sources, because the zinc in plant proteins is not as available for use by the body as the zinc from animal proteins. Therefore, vegetarians and older people who don't eat much food, including meats, are often shortchanged on zinc

Inadequate zinc intake can lead to taste dysfunction.
Cells located in the taste buds on the tongue and on the roof of the mouth carry messages to the brain about the taste of different substances. These cells are constantly replaced as they become old or damaged.

Symptoms of zinc deficiency
Frequent infections
Hypogonadism in males
Loss of hair
Poor appetite
Problems with the sense of taste
Problems with the sense of smell
Skin sores
Slow growth
Trouble seeing in the dark
Wounds that take a long time to heal

Dietary Reference Intakes for zinc

Infants
0 - 6 months: 2* milligrams per day (mg/day)
7 - 12 months: 3* mg/day
*Adequate Intake (AI)

Children
1 - 3 years: 3 mg/day
4 - 8 years: 5 mg/day
9 - 13 years: 8 mg/day

Adolescents and Adults
Males age 14 and over: 11 mg/day
Females age 14 to 18 years: 9 mg/day
Females age 19 and over: 8 mg/day


The best way to get the daily requirement of essential vitamins and minerals is to eat a balanced diet that contains a variety of foods.

References
Escott-Stump S, ed. Nutrition and Diagnosis-Related Care. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008.
Sarubin Fragaakis A, Thomson C. The Health Professional's Guide to Popular Dietary Supplements . 3rd ed. Chicago, Il: American Dietetic Association;2007.
Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intakes: Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 2000.
Singh M, Das RR. Zinc for the common cold. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Feb 16;2:CD001364.
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